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Islam vs. Christianity

While Islam and Christianity are vastly different in some ways, they also contain many similarities and common grounds that are very surprising. There has been no shortage of blood shed over the two religions throughout the course of history, but many people would be astounded at the similar doctrine and beliefs between the two. Overall, Christians and Muslims believe in similar virtues and find common ground on the way that people should live, including honesty, charitable acts, and belief in one almighty God. 

One fundamental similarity between the two is the belief in a written book as the ultimate authority. For Christians, the Bible serves as the one and only authority, as it is believed to be God inspired and the divine word. Similarly, the Quran serves as the ultimate authority for Muslims. Another similarity is the belief in how we should live between the two religions. For example, the Quran says, “…if they repent, establish regular prayer, and practice regular charity, they are your brethren in faith” (Sura 9:11-15). This shows the importance of repentance, prayer, and charity, as they are necessities for Muslims. This may strike many as surprising, as some American Christians maintain the stigma that Muslims are vastly different in their beliefs. The Bible provides similar guidance on this, saying in 2 Chronicles 7:14, “If my people who are called by my name humble themselves, and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then I will hear from heaven and will forgive their sins and heal their land.” The Bible also tells believers to repent and turn from wickedness. Finally, another similarity is the belief of both religions in one almighty God who created the universe. For Muslim’s, they believe in Allah as the sole creator. Christians believe in the trinity as one God in three forms. Overall, the two religions display many similarities in beliefs. 

While the two religions contain similarities, I firmly believe that they are mutually exclusive due to the Christian belief in Jesus Christ as God in human form. Christians believe Jesus is God incarnated in human form, and they believe that He died and rose again as payment for our sins in order to give us eternal life for those that believe. However, Muslim’s believe Jesus was a prophet who performed miracles, but they believe it is blasphemous to consider Jesus as God in human form. This is the fundamental idea that has caused incredible controversy between Muslims and Christians. Because this idea is so fundamental to Christianity, the two must be mutually exclusive. Another profound difference between the two religions is the differing views of human nature. Muslims believe that man is inherently good, while Christians believe man is inherently sinful, thus causing the need for Jesus to pay for our sins through his death on the cross. All things considered, the two religions are mutually exclusive because of the differing beliefs on the divinity of Jesus Christ and human nature as either good or sinful. 

Word Count: 502

One thought on “Islam vs. Christianity

  1. It has been surprising to see all of the similarities between Christianity and Islam and it is fascinating to see how historical events and people are woven into both religions. However, there is a fundamental difference that you point out in the fact that Christians see Jesus as the Messiah and as God in the flesh while Muslims view him only as a prophet of Allah. This difference is enough to separate the two religions entirely, regardless of any other similarities. This then creates a comparison with the third Abrahamic religion, Judaism, which, in similarity to Islam, does not see Jesus as the son of God. Judaism and Islam also have another similarity in that there is an emphasis on religious obligations including dietary restrictions whereas Christianity does not have such explicit guidelines. I also liked your point about the differing views of human nature according to Islam and Christianity and how they view basic humanity and good and bad, respectively. That difference, as well, stems from the overarching difference in views of Jesus and his role on Earth.


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